Dyslexia, also known as a reading disorder or alexia, is a learning difficulty characterized by trouble reading, despite a normal intelligence. Different people are affected to different degrees. Problems may include sounding out words, spelling words, reading quickly, writing words, pronouncing words when reading aloud, and understanding what was read. Often, these difficulties are first noticed at school. The difficulties are not voluntary, and people with this disorder have a normal desire to learn.
The cause of dyslexia is believed to involve both genetic and environmental factors. Some causes run in families. It occurs more often in people with attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) and is associated with problems in mathematics. When the condition begins in adults, it may be the result of traumatic brain injury, stroke, or dementia. The underlying mechanism involves problems with the brain's processing of language. Diagnosis is by a series of tests of a person's memory, spelling, ability to see, and reading skills. It is separate from reading difficulties due to poor teaching or hearing or vision problems.
Treatment usually involves adjusting teaching methods to meet the person's needs. While this does not cure the underlying problem, difficulties can be lessened. Treatments aimed at vision are not effective. Dyslexia is the most common learning disability. It affects about 3 to 7 percent of people. While it is diagnosed more often in males, some believe it affects males and females equally. Up to 20 percent of the population may have some degree of symptoms. Dyslexia occurs in all areas of the world.
Dyslexic people can develop and change their thinking pattern, but it is almost unnoticed as they work towards reading and studying. Most are very curious and excel in avenues of interest, pushing themselves because they enjoy what they are pursuing. High achievers with dyslexia can almost completely pass by as normal. What comes easy for others is a struggle. Simply reading a book without having one's mind wander takes much more concentration. The brain is remarkable, and when pressed, it uses other areas of the brain, which makes dyslexic people so special.
Never underestimate someone with dyslexia. Don't stereotype them as being stupid; they will surprise you. You especially need to be patient with children. Each time a child hears that they are of lesser intelligence, they becomes very sad and depressed, and may just give up and believe what you are saying, which is tragic. How intelligent do you think it looks if someone who is right-handed were forced to do things with their left? Those observing would be quick to place a label of being abnormal. That is a very simple example of dyslexia, so don't judge what you don't understand. Instead, support them by being more understanding and use products that help open the synapsis of the brain's communication to help them function with less stress.
According to research, dyslexics struggle to read because even small visual or auditory distractions can throw them off. This research was published in the January 2007 issue of Psychological Science. Researchers theorized that deficit in noise exclusion may come from abnormally low levels of GABA, a neurotransmitter that helps the brain to filter out irrelevant information. Some testimonials for our Neurotransmitter Support have shown that nutraceutical formulations containing GABA and other essential vitamins and minerals may be of some benefit to dyslexics.
Dr. Anne Sperling said people with dyslexia appear to have shaky mental categories for the essential sounds that make up language. "It's harder to make a [language] task automatic when your categories are fuzzier than they ought to be to begin with," she said. "In terms of treatment, the results suggest that programs that foster the development of sharper perceptual categories for letters and letter sounds might be a good way to supplement existing dyslexia interventions," she added.
-Approximately 15% of people have dyslexia.
-This equates to over 30 million adults in the United States, about 6 million in the United Kingdom and 3 million in Canada. Most don't know they are dyslexic.
-Dyslexia occurs in people of all backgrounds.
-Dyslexia is found in speakers in every language and country but rates vary.
-Men and women are equally likely to have dyslexia.
-Of those placed in special education for a learning disability, around 8-% have dyslexia.
-Somewhere between 25-40% of children with dyslexia also have ADHD and conversely approximately 25% of children with ADHD have dyslexia.
The following is a list of notable people who were diagnosed with dyslexia: